List of Crochet Abbreviations

Here is a list of the most common crochet term abbreviations, but by no means is it a complete list.


alt – alternate(ing)

approx. – approximetely


beg – beginning

blo – back loop only

BPdc – Back Post double crochet

BPhdc – Back Post half double crochet

BPsc – back post single crochet

BPtr – back post treble crochet


CC – Contrasting Color

ch – chain

cl – cluster

cont – continue


dbl – double

dbl tr – double treble

dtr – double treble

dc – double crochet

dc2tog – double crochet 2 together

dec – decrease


ea – each

edc – extended double crochet

esc – extended single crochet


flo – front loop only

foll – follow(ing)

FPdc – Front Post double crochet

FPhdc – Front Post half double crochet

FPsc – front post single crochet

FPtr – front post treble crochet


grp – group


hdc – half double crochet

hk – hook


inc – increase

incl – include/including


lp(s) – loop(s)


MC – Main Color

md – meaning round

mds – meaning rounds

Please note for the above 2 abbreviations this is a font issue. It’s actually r n d (without spaces) but some fonts when they put the r and n together it looks like an m.


oz – ounces


pc – popcorn

pm – place marker

prev – previous


rem – remaining

rep – repeat

rev – reverse

rnd(s) – round(s)

RS – right side

rsc – reverse single crochet (also know as the crab stitch)


sc – single crochet

sc2tog – single crochet 2 together

sk – skip

sl st – slip stitch

sp(s) – space(s)

st(s) – stitch(es)


tch – turning chain

tog – together

tr – treble (some now call it triple)

tr tr – triple treble


ufo – un-finished objects


WS – wrong side


x-st – cross stitch


yo – yarn over

yoh – yarn over hook

If you’re looking for one that you don’t see, just let me know and I can add it.

15 thoughts on “List of Crochet Abbreviations”

  • What does fsc mean? And I was a little confused with the first line of instructions in round 1 of the baby shell sweater

    • Hi Sue, it’s a foundation single crochet. If you’re not familiar with it I can work on getting a tutorial up for it. But in the mean time it’s the equivalent of a chain and single crochet first row.

  • Does anyone know what the abbreviation Srst means? I’m following a pattern on a ball of Lions Brand yarn and it reads ch 1 turn, Srst 3 ch. never saw this before.
    Appreciate the help!

  • How do you work this: ch 1, *FPhdc, hdc [hdc, FPhdc], hdc, FPhdc, hdc *Repeat*. It is confusing

    • Hi Fatima,
      Each stitch between each comma is worked into it’s own stitch and the stitches in the parenthesis are worked into the same stitch. Here’s a more clear way of writing it.
      FPhdc in next st, hdc in next st, (hdc, FPhdc) in next st, FPhdc in next st, hdc in next st, repeat from *
      Let me know if you need more help.

  • Hi. First: Thank you so much for posting this. It’s so helpfully!!
    Second: I’m lost with is foreign stitch language.
    Here’s the example.
    6X magic ring
    6V, C- 12X
    XV*6 , C=18X
    18X, C.

  • I’m doing my 1st crochet toy and I am currently at a part in the head where 1st I need change color for approx. half the round and then change color back. In this round there is also an abbreviation I have never seen before and cannot find the meaning for it anywhere. So it says change back to blue, sc, dee, (sc 5, dec) X3. To end that round but I have no idea what Dee means or how to do it.
    Thank you

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